Development projects are complicated, complex, and stressful, to say the least. And the intricacies involved make staying within a target budget and timeline nearly unattainable. The inherent complexities make these things a moving target, almost like trying to catch a ride on a bus that never stops.
A lot of focus is placed on the beginning phases of a large construction project, the first few stops on the bus route, if you will. Of course, getting things aligned correctly from the start is the best case scenario. In reality, however, the pieces often fall into place along the project route.
Stop 1: Performing the due diligence to source the land/space/project
Stop 2: Obtaining the financial team/equity /backing to obtain the project
Stop 3: Closing on the project/owning the project and having the right to the site
Stop 4: Gathering the entire project team, designers, construction team members, and other consultants
Stop 5: Designing the project, pre-construction, budgeting, and due diligence
Stop 6: Commencing the project’s construction, procurement, building the project, and supervising the construction
Stop 7: Obtaining the Temporary Certificate of Occupancy(TCO)/having the right to occupy and utilize the space for its intended purpose
Stop 8: Obtaining the Certificate of Occupancy (CO), often confused with a TCO, but a much more complicated process
Stop 9: Project Closeout – physical construction closeout, documentation and closeout and turnover, and financial closeout
The bulk of the construction team is interested in each stop along the project route. Stakeholders, on the other hand, are far more concerned with that last stop. But, “the end” may mean something different for different stakeholders.
Is “the end” of a project when the building is complete and the project finally generates revenue? The developer would say so. Maybe “the end” is when a punch list is completed, plenty of team members would say that. Each consultant, contractor, and advisor has a different “end” in mind and this is where the ball is dropped on construction projects.
When does the project get to say it is complete? Defining that imperfect project “end” is critical because it costs everyone a lot of money if the project team doesn’t know what the end looks like. Otherwise, just like in the beginning of the job (as stated in our previous article), if you don’t know the end, you can’t get there as a team, and as a project, successfully.
Beginning a development project when each party involved has a different definition of “the end” or the last stop on the project route is extremely problematic. Ask five different people in the developer’s inner circle what “the end” of the project means and five different answers will likely follow.
Each consultant wants to get off of the bus when their contractual obligations have been fulfilled, but that doesn’t mean that the project is complete. With this in mind, let’s break down “the end,” that last stop on the route, in careful detail.
The Last Stop (Stop 9): Project Closeout
Closing out the project can certainly happen in some of the above stops along the project route, but ideal coordination means shifting focus to really dig into the last stop. A complete, in-depth breakdown of “the end” will help to align some of the varying opinions of the key players in a project.
1. Physical Construction Closeout
- a. Punch lists: Various and multiple Punch lists
- b. Non Compliance Reports and government agencies physical closeout (NCRs)
2. Documentation Closeout and Turnover
- a. Regulatory Agencies Closeout: All required city, state, federal, sign offs obtained to utilize the space/projects, we like to call those “the alphabets” (NYC, DOB, DOT, DEC, OER, DOH, DOL, HPD, LPC, DPR, FDNY, DF, NYS, DEP, IRS, etc.).
- b. Construction Design and “As-built” Documents: All required “construction” documents that prove not only what was initially designed, but instead what was actually built, tested, commissioned, and in place at the building. This includes confirmation of any deviations that took place from the original design. Perhaps changes took place in the foundation, or facades, or mechanical systems.
- c. Turnover of all required closeout documents to the Developer
- d. Turnover of all required closeout documents from the Developer to the designated end user
3. Financial Closeout
- a. Financial Closeout of all consultants and project support team members once all documents have been obtained.
- b. Financial Closeout of Contractor and Trade Contractors once all documents and closeouts have been obtained.
So, when the developer and the ultimate end user each sign off on the above three elements, the project closeout is complete and the bus has arrived at its final destination.
Getting to that coveted part of the project, “the end”, is what every developer dreams about. The bus ride is stressful along nearly every stop. And since the construction journey is long, taxing, and erratic, developers often look to outside help to get it done as efficiently and effectively as possible. That’s where an owner rep comes into play.
Engaging an Owner Rep for a Smoother Ride
Looking at the last stop on the construction route from the client’s perspective is important. Ultimately, the client is doing the work to earn a profit or fulfill a mandate for the facility/project that they are building to be turned over to an eventual end user (someone that will financially pay the client for the use of the facility).
Since contractors involved in the project are all getting on and off of the project route at different stops, failure to align everyone’s vision of the last stop is all too common. An owner rep has the ability to organize the team in a way that the project team, which may have fatigue, cannot. Tackling the last stop on the project route with an owner rep on hand dramatically enhances the ability to reach target budget and timeline.
At Inspiron Management, we get brought into projects to resolve, mediate, and/or organize. Conducting regular, focused closeout meetings with relevant team members during the lifecycle of the project allows us to keep the eye on the ultimate prize of protecting our client with a one-time, proper closeout. We confirm that construction completion, as-built documentation/agency closeout, and financial closeout are being monitored and completed. In fact, Inspiron Management gives our clients a clear and organized Dropbox file with categorized folders across the three major categories of closeout. This facilitates a smooth turnover.
Large development projects are often messy and it sometimes seems like there is no bus route at all. Inspiron Management’s role is to get the bus on course and lead it strategically to the last stop.
Call us at 917-750-8934 or email us at [email protected] and let us re-route your bus on the next construction project.
Alen Gershkovich is the CEO of Inspiron Management, New York, N.Y.